Providing Periodontal Therapy for Lawrenceburg
Understanding and Arresting Gum Disease
A large percentage of the population may unknowingly have some form of gum disease. Characterized by a persistent bacterial infection surrounding one tooth or several teeth, gum disease causes little discomfort and produces few obvious symptoms in the early stages. When periodontal disease is not treated, it spreads and compromises gums, teeth, bone, and it may lead to heart disease and strokes, as well as diabetes and pregnancy complications.
Who is at risk?
Any of the following conditions greatly increase the risk of gum disease: tobacco use, hormone fluctuations, stress, medications, bruxism, diabetes, poor nutrition, HIV, any disease resulting in immunosuppression, heredity, and poor oral hygiene. Even patients who practice good oral home care routines get gum disease. Gums irritated by bacteria recede from the teeth creating deep pockets where more bacteria hide and flourish.
Treating Gum Disease
Early on, when redness, swelling, and bleeding are the only symptoms, we treat and reverse gum disease non-surgically. Regular check-ups greatly increase potential for early detection and conservative treatment. Generally, treatment includes careful, individualized instruction regarding the most effective means of brushing and flossing at home. This strategy is sometimes accompanied by professional scaling or careful scraping of all affected tooth surfaces, gum pocket irrigation, and even local antibiotic placement in areas of significant irritation. Often, patients experience immediate improvement. If, however, symptoms don't improve significantly, you may require surgical treatment.
If gum disease progresses without intervention, a patient may need surgery to remediate the disease and restore the mouth to good oral health. Typically, periodontists perform four surgical treatments: pocket depth reduction, bone or tissue regeneration, crown lengthening, and/or soft tissue grafts. All of these procedures improve your chances of keeping your teeth for life.
If you have further questions about gum disease and current treatments, please contact our Lawrenceburg dental office for a consultation.